“Don’t wait. The time will never be just right”

- Mark Twain



You can tell German wine from vinegar by the label.

Mark Twain

Wine is an alcoholic drink typically made from fermented grape juice.

Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol, carbon dioxide, and heat.

Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine.

The commonly known things are that wines can be classified into red and white.

Reds are prepared by soaking the grapes with the skin, and whites are made by removing the skin of the grapes after fermentation.

Most wine is made with grapes, but they’re not like the ones you find in the grocery store. Wine grapes (latin name: Vitis vinifera) are smaller, sweeter, have thick skins, and contain seeds.

There are over 1,300 wine grape varieties used in commercial production but only about 100 of these varieties make up 75% of the world’s vineyards.

Today, the most planted wine grape in the world is Cabernet Sauvignon

California, French and Italian reds are my favorite. My favorite red varietals in California include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Zinfandel, Pinot Noir and Syrah.

Of the French wines, I prefer Bordeaux wines (nearly 90% of production volume) are the dry, medium- and full-bodied red Bordeaux Blends.

My preference in Italian reds are the Super Tuscan – is a term that is used to describe red wines from Tuscany that may include the use of non-indigenous grapes, particularly Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah.

What Does A Good Bottle of Wine Cost

What Does A Good Bottle of Red Cost is based on the Vivino Rating System

The average Vivino white is 3.6 stars
A 4.0 Vivino rated white is equivalent to a 90 point expert rating*
A 4.0 Vivino rated white is better than 85 percent of the white wines on the planet
A 4.5 Vivino rated white is better than 99 percent of the white wines on the planet

The Cost of An Average Bottle of White

The Cost of An Average Bottle of Red

Global Wine Market – 2021

Wine production refers to the production of wine (excluding musts and juices) resulting from wine
grapes harvested at the start of the year in the Southern Hemisphere and at the end of the year in the
Northern Hemisphere.

Global wine production in 2021 is estimated at 262 mhl, a change from 2020 of -0.4%.

The top three countries are Italy (55 mhl), France (49 mhl), and Spain (44 mhl).

the ten largest countries represent 92% of the world total.

Global Wine Market Consumption – 2021

Wine consumption refers to the consumption of wine, including still, sparkling, and special wines.

Global wine consumption in 2021 is estimated at 235 mhl, a change from 2020 of 1%.

The top three markets are USA (33 mhl), France (25 mhl), and Italy (24 mhl).

Overall, the 10 largest consuming countries represent 68% of the world total.

Red & White Grape Production Worldwide – 2020

Italy is once again in its usual spot as the world’s largest source of wine, with an estimated production of 50.3 mhl.

Red & White Grape Production Worldwide – 2019

World production fell by more than 10% in 2019 after the highest-volume year in a decade in 2018.

Every major wine producer was lower in volume in 2019 compared to 2018, with Italy and France off by 15% and Spain by almost 25%.

Portugal (10%), Russia (9%), and South Africa (2%) were the only countries that could point to an increase over 2018.

Nevertheless, because 2018 was an anomalous year, it was not as bad as it sounds.

Compared to the previous 5-year average, world production was down by just a little over 3% and Italy’s 2019 volume was about 4% lower.

Chile has seen the most growth among the major producers over the past 5 years, while China has declined sharply as a greater emphasis on quality has taken a lot of production off the market.

The global wine production market is dominated by Italy, and followed by the other traditional wine producing countries of France and Spain.

The total cultivated area for the harvest of grapes for wine in Italy amounted to roughly 622 thousand hectares as of 2016.

In addition, the production of organic wines is widespread. In fact, the area designated to organic viticulture is quite extensive and peaks in regions such as Sicily and Apulia.

Revenue in the Wine segment amounts to US$27,014m in 2020.
The market is expected to grow annually by 1.5% (CAGR 2020-2023).
In global comparison, most revenue is generated in the United States (US$51,354m in 2020)The average per capita consumption stands at 32.0 L.
In relation to total population figures, per person revenues of US $446.80 are generated in 2020.

The Wine Vine During Growing Season

The-Wine-Vine-During-Growing Season

How Much Do Grapes Cost?


The Breakdown of Costs on a Bottle of Wine


Wine Grape Varietal Table

Where to Buy Red Wine



Wine.com was created to revolutionize the way people like you discover, buy and enjoy wine.

You will not find a bigger or broader selection anywhere. Access everything from big-name, critically-acclaimed wines to small production, unique bottles from all over the globe — every region, varietal and price. Browse the full catalog now

Expert Guidance to Help You Choose
With easy filter and sort, professional ratings, a robust recommendation engine, a 5-star mobile app, and live chat experts, we help you find old favorites or discover new ones among thousands of choices.



At Vinfolio, we’re transforming how the fine wine community buys, sells, stores, and savors wine by bringing the perfect pairing to the table: world-class expertise and best-in-class technology.

Through an innovative suite of modern services, they connect the world in ways that have never been done before.

Devotees can now easily acquire the most coveted bottles directly from producers, exchange wines with one another through a thriving marketplace, and store their bottles more securely than ever, while staying on top of every bottle in their collections. All in one seamless experience.


Wine Searcher

The Wine-Searcher database and search engine bring together bottles and prices from merchants around the world.

It was created in 1999, and is now used by millions to locate, compare and make purchases.

The database grows daily and is constantly monitored for quality. Manual and automated procedures are run daily to remove lists that are out-of-date or incorrect in any way.


Schumer’s Wine & Liquors

With 38 years of experience at this location, Schumer’s Wine & Liquors stocks some of the harder-to-find bottles from France, Italy, Australia, California, etc. as well as your favorites and a large selection of whiskeys, bourbons, and cognacs.

Schumer’s Wine & Liquors 59 E 54th St, NY, NY 10022 212-355-0940

Songs About Red Wine


 Two More Bottles of Wine – Emmylou Harris

Two More Bottles of Wine is a song written by Delbert McClinton and recorded by American country music artist Emmylou Harris.

It was released in April 1978 as the first single from the album Quarter Moon in a Ten Cent Town.

Two More Bottles of Wine topped the U.S. country singles charts.


Red Red Wine -UB40

Although Neil Diamond wrote this song, UB40 made it an international hit and their signature song.

The reggae-infused pop tune from 1983 is about a guy who is feeling sad about a lost lover, so he turns to red wine as a crutch to help him forget.


Sangria Wine – Camila Cabello and Pharrell Williams

Sangria Wine is a song recorded by American singer Pharrell Williams and Cuban-American singer Camila Cabello, released as a single on May 18, 2018.

It was written and produced by the two performers with additional songwriting from Bia.


Cherry Wine – Hozier

In this mournful pop ballad from 2016, a battered partner describes the confusion, justification, and self-blame commonly expressed by victims of domestic violence.

The narrator is involved in a toxic relationship with a woman who beats him.

Despite her bad temper and icy stare, sadly, he claims that he still loves her


Lilac Wine – Miley Cyrus

Many artists have recorded this reflective ballad, but the cover version by Miley Cyrus in 2012 is particularly noteworthy.

The song describes a heartbroken lover unready for love who finds comfort in the wine of the lilac song.


Whiskey to Wine – Garth Brooks

Once you’re out of a toxic relationship and you find yourself a new romance, if you’re not careful you might find yourself missing the heated arguments and unpredictability of the unhealthy dynamics you’ve left behind.

That’s what the ex-lovers in this mournful 2016 song feel. While they are content with their new partners, they each compare their experience to going from whiskey to win.

Movies About Wine



Sideways is a 2004 American comedy-drama road film directed by Alexander Payne and written by Jim Taylor and Payne.

A film adaptation of Rex Pickett’s novel of the same name, Sideways follows two men in their forties, Miles Raymond (Paul Giamatti), a depressed teacher and unsuccessful writer, and Jack Cole (Thomas Haden Church), a past-his-prime actor, who take a week-long road trip to Santa Barbara County wine country to celebrate Jack’s upcoming wedding.


SOMM: Into the Bottle

The history, politics, pleasure, and BS of wine told through opening ten very different bottles. Somm: Into the Bottle is a 2015 wine documentary and a sequel to SOMM (2013).

The film tells the story and history of wine through ten different bottles opened throughout the film in different chapters.

Directed by Jason Wise, it premiered at the Napa Valley Film Festival and featured the main cast from the original SOMM film as well as additional notable people from the wine world.


Bottle Shock

Oozing connoisseurship and comedic timing, Alan Rickman portrays Stephen Spurrier, English wine merchant who set up the Judgment of Paris, the famed 1976 blind tasting that pit American wines against France’s best.

The film also chronicles a tumultuous father-son relationship that grows into trust.



Four sommeliers attempt to pass the prestigious Master Sommelier exam, a test with one of the lowest pass rates in the world.

During nearly 40 years, only 220 professionals worldwide have passed the Master Sommelier exam, which is considered one of the crowning achievements of wine knowledge.

This documentary follows four candidates as they swirl, sip and study for the test.


The Secret of Santa Vittoria

During WWII in Italy, a wine producing village hide a million bottles from the Germans. In 1943, the German army occupies the Italian hillside town of Santa Vittoria.

The troops want to confiscate the region’s prized wine, but the wily, oft-inebriated mayor (Anthony Quinn) and townspeople hide one million bottles in a cave.

Wine for the Confused

Light-hearted and hilarious, this documentary (hosted by British comedian and Monty Python alumnus John Cleese) doubles as a brilliant introduction to the world of wine for beginners.

John Clease cruises around Santa Barbara and nearby wine country and channelling knowledge of wine to the viewer.


Sour Grapes

Sour Grapes is an American crime doc about a young man who floods the American wine market with fake vintage wines. It’s the story of wine counterfeiter Rudy  Kurniawan and his celebrity victims. 

Documentary about the fine and rare wine auction market centering around a counterfeiter who befriended the rich and powerful and sold millions of dollars of fraudulent wine through the top auction houses.